Sobre lo híbrido (2016-2021) is a project in development that explores the public space of different intermediate South American cities, in search of images that express, in their own way, particularities of everyday life and its citizens, as well as aspects related to the reformulation of symbolic capitals and visual framework that occur, in the midst of crossings and exchanges, in the cities of the region.
“Hybridity, as a process of intersection and transactions, is what makes it possible for multiculturalism to avoid what it has of segregation and can become interculturality. The politics of hybridity can serve to work democratically with divergences, so that history is not reduced to wars between cultures. We can choose to live in a state of war or in a state of hybridisation”. Néstor García Canclini - Hybrid Cultures
The extraordinary demographic and territorial growth that urban centres in South America have undergone in recent decades, together with the massification in the use of transnational communication networks and the advance of tourism, have accelerated to the extreme the processes of cultural crossbreeding and hybridisation that Canclini spoke of in the 1990s. Cities are growing at a dizzying pace, expanding and linking up with neighbouring urbanisations to form large metropolitan areas. The heterogeneous cultural capital of South America's rural areas, made up of thousands of peasant communities, with deeply rooted local and traditional cultures, in some areas with original roots, is being transferred to the cities, in strong waves of internal migration. But how are these peasant cultures incorporated into today's South American cities, how do they link the local with the global, and how do these processes of transnationalisation of culture take place? Intermediate cities (with less than a million inhabitants) appear to be an ideal territory in which to investigate these questions. The profound transformations that these cities have undergone in recent decades, as a result of their own development, have revealed, in their everyday physiognomy, traits of these crossings and exchanges.
The fieldwork began in the city of Cochabamaba in 2016, in collaboration with Proyecto Martadero (martadero.org) and continued in 2017 in the cities of Armenia (Colombia) and Cuenca (Ecuador) where it was articulated with Contacto Escuela, the Museo y Centro Cultural Prohibido and the Alianza Francesa Cuenca, respectively. The cities and their metropolitan or conurban areas are contemplated. The current objective is to establish the necessary contacts and arrangements to continue in El Alto (Bolivia), Cusco (Peru) and Riobamba (Ecuador) during 2022/23.